New joint study finds opportunity for Brazilian trucking sector to further improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions – News
The Brazilian freight sector has many opportunities to use energy more efficiently, reduce carbon emissions and improve air quality by taking measures such as replacing older trucks, improving fuel economy and investment in rail and road, according to a joint study by the IEA and the Brazilian Energy Research Office EPE.
This year Energy Efficiency Atlas includes a particular focus on the road freight sector, giving an overview of how the sector has developed over the past two decades, how policies have influenced energy consumption and emissions, and where the opportunities for further progress.
Brazil has some of the largest trucks in the world, with heavy trucks playing a vital role in transporting agricultural products and accounting for 60% of the country’s total freight energy consumption. Over the past two decades, the efficiency of Brazilian trucks has improved thanks to policies aimed at driving innovation in the automotive industry, modernizing roads, limiting emissions and advancing alternative fuels.
At the same time, Brazil can benefit more by building on existing policies and building on international experience. For example, 6% of trucks are over 30 years old and replacing them would significantly reduce fuel consumption and emissions. The chapter provides an overview of how scrappage schemes, fuel economy standards and investments in road, rail and sea freight have improved efficiency in some countries.
For the third consecutive year, the IEA contributed to the Energy Efficiency Atlas, Brazil’s annual benchmark for energy efficiency policies published by EPE (short for Empresa de Pesquisa Energética), which supports the Ministry of Mines and Energy. The report highlights the ongoing cooperation between AIE and EPE. Brazil is a key partner in the IEA’s Energy Efficiency in Emerging Economies (E4) program, which aims to build capacity and support energy efficiency improvements in some of the world’s largest energy-consuming countries.
A more in-depth analysis of the Brazilian freight sector is available in Road Freight Transport: International Benchmarking.